Maria k philosophy mar 6, 2012 arguments against moral relativism moral relativism is the belief that the morally correct decision to make, when faced with a moral dilemma, is the one that is acceptable within the context of a given culture. Four reasons (arguments) for ethical relativism 1 the diversity of moral views for: the actual fact that people and societies have and continue to disagree about the moral issues, they continue to hold different moral beliefs. Moral relativism encompasses the differences in moral judgments among people and cultures truth relativism is the doctrine that there are no absolute truths , ie, that truth is always relative to some particular frame of reference, such as a language or a culture ( cultural relativism ) [4. Moral relativism may be any of several philosophical positions concerned with the differences in moral judgments across different people and cultures descriptive moral relativism holds only that some people do in fact disagree about what is moral meta-ethical moral relativism holds that in such disagreements, nobody is objectively right or wrong and normative moral relativism holds that.
However, like all such theories, it may be evaluated by subjecting it to rational analysis and when we analyze cultural relativism we find that it is not so plausible as it first appears to be the first thing we need to notice is that at the heart of cultural relativism there is a certain form of argument. The traditional values approach to moral absolutes, then, must specify actual moral principles governing behavior, in addition to character traits, if it is to serve as an effective antidote to moral relativism. Rhetorical analysis moral relativism is not an acceptable stance toward serious tompkins concedes that relativism is an appealing and sometimes useful tactic when. 22 cultural relativism to many thinkers, this observation—different cultures have different moral codes— has seemed to be the key to understanding morality.
Moral relativism, as harman describes, denies that there are universal basic moral demands, and says different people are subject to different basic moral demands depending on the social customs, practices, conventions, and principles that they accept (harman, p 85. Ethical relativism is attractive to many philosophers and social scientists because it seems to offer the best explanation of the variability of moral beliefit also offers a plausible way of explaining how ethics fits into the world as it is described by modern science. Critical analysis of ethical relativism - when it comes to moral dilemmas between cultures, there is a grey area that can sometimes make it difficult to resolve issues surrounding the dilemma.
The theory of moral objectivism holds that moral standards do indeed exist independently of human social creations, and moral relativism holds that they are just human inventions this is not simply an issue of anthropological curiosity concerning how different people and cultures view morality. People may be drawn to moral relativism because it appears to be a tolerant view they may feel that adopting moral relativism will eliminate the conflicts that may arise between people and cultures that reach different conclusions about what is right or wrong.
Moral relativism is an important topic in metaethics it is also widely discussed outside philosophy (for example, by political and religious leaders), and it is controversial among philosophers and nonphilosophers alike. Analysis of different relativistic theses, paul taylor's 9 four types of relativism and shia moser's complex analyses of appreciative and axiological relativism, t0 he concludes his r~sum6 with an expression of defeatism. Relativism, roughly put, is the view that truth and falsity, right and wrong, standards of reasoning, and procedures of justification are products of differing conventions and frameworks of assessment and that their authority is confined to the context giving rise to them. Appealing to god's word or will as expressed in holy scriptures to settle a moral dispute is an example of a heteronomous conception of moral authority true ethics is that branch of philosophy that describes human conduct.
Relativism about morality has come to play an increasingly important role in contemporary culture to many thoughtful people, and especially to those who are unwilling to derive their morality from a religion, it appears unavoidable. D moral progress objection: if ethical relativism were correct, there could be no such thing as moral improvement or purpose in cultures or a person's life to have improvement, we must have a standard by which to judge the difference in moral values.
A refutation of moral relativism the relativist can appeal to no moral law as a dam against the flood of intolerance we desperately need such a dam, because societies, like individuals, are. Imperatives this analysis would not give us a reason to stop using moral language hence it seems that the moral nihilist has a choice between two different analyses of moral sentences, each of which comes with a serious cost. Moral relativism has steadily been accepted as the primary moral philosophy of modern society, a culture that was previously governed by a judeo-christian view of morality while these judeo-christian standards continue to be the foundation for civil law, most people hold to the concept that right or wrong are not absolutes, but can be.