By brett klika as performance-enhancing supplements are making their way to the forefront of athletic news, i am often asked, by parents and athletes alike, as to the safety and effectiveness of creatine supplementation. Creatine supplements many athletes add creatine supplements to their diet because high creatine levels have been shown to improve sports performance when bursts of energy are required, and the makers of creatine supplements claim that high creatine levels fuel skeletal muscles. There are four substances commonly used as supplements by high school athletes: creatine, protein powder, hmb, and stimulants like caffeine when used correctly these supplements can be safe and effective. Studies show 40% of high school athletes use supplements like protein powder and creatine to gain a competitive edge, but they could be hurting rather than helping. Objective creatine is a nutritional supplement that is purported to be a safe ergogenic aid in adults although as many as 28% of collegiate athletes admit taking creatine, there is little information about creatine use or potential health risk in children and adolescents although the use of.
In fact, these school systems put pressure on high school athletic associations to allow athletes to experiment with these supplements that are not regulated or controlled people are still under the assumption that creatine is safe because it is sold over the counter. Of high school athletes participating in our study, 82% reported creatine use relatively minor side effects, diarrhea, cramps, and loss of appetite, were reported. Metzl and his colleagues surveyed 1,103 student athletes from four public and one private school in westchester county, ny, about their creatine use overall, 62 said they'd used the supplement, 85 percent of whom were boys. Number of high school athletes are supplementing their exercise routines with creatine some say that it is because they see the top athletes taking it and succeeding, but what they don't realize is that there is so little known about creatine that they are literally.
Due to the high levels of creatine used by some athletes and the dehydration associated with this, high creatinine in the blood may also be a factor normal creatinine levels of the blood range from 5 to 12 milligrams between males and females. So is creatine safe for young athletes unlike many other supplements, creatine is not an unknown quantity there have been hundreds of high-quality trials in humans on a variety of age groups and disease conditions. 1258 creatine use in high schoolathletes mately one third of college creatine users had first taken creatine supplements while in high school, but no previous. Creatine is a workout supplement commonly consumed by high school, college and professional athletes a 2002 study conducted by the university of wisconsin hospital sports medicine center found that 25 percent of male high school athletes in wisconsin reported using the supplement.
Despite the current age recommendation, middle school and high school, athletes use creatine, according to a study published in the august 2011 issue of the journal pediatrics researchers surveyed athletes in grades 6 through 12 about potential creatine use. Consider this: a football coach at hays high school in buda, texas, used to hand out fliers about creatine to players and offer the supplement to them at cost - that is, until the state made it a crime for public school coaches and administrators to supply performance-enhancing products to student-athletes. Most high school athletes though tend to over-do everything and will use and abuse certain things because hey, more is better right wrong wrong check out my video response below in regards to if and when creatine supplementation for athletes (mainly in high school) is appropriate.
When creatine is taken in the form of a supplement it has several benefits for hard training athletes after creatine is ingested it bonds with a phosphate group to form creatine phosphate cp (creatine phosphate) can then donate a phosphate molecule to adp (adenosine tri-phosphate) to form atp (adenosine tri-phosphate. The national federation of state high school associations (nfhs) strongly recommends that student athletes consult with their doctor before taking any supplement how some common supplements affect the body. Subjects and methods male and female high school athletes completed an anonymous questionnaire on creatine use during the august 1999 preparticipation examinations at a single institutional sports medicine center. He is a regular presenter and lecturer at local, state, and national conferences and universities on the topics of dietary supplement use in young athletes, dietary supplement safety for high school, college and professional athletes, and sports nutrition principles for athletes. The article creatine use among a select population of high school athletes, appears in the december issue of mayo clinic proceedings, and is among the first to look at the use of creatine among users in the 14 to 18 year-old age group.
Creatine is a nutritional supplement used to enhance athletic performance in collegiate and professional athletes there is increasing evidence that high school athletes are using creatine as well. A study by the american academy of pediatrics of middle-school and high-school students ages 10 to 18 years found creatine use in all grades 6 through 12 about 56% of the study participants and 44% of high-school senior athletes admitted taking creatine. A 2002 study conducted by the university of wisconsin hospital sports medicine center found that 25 percent of male high school athletes in wisconsin reported using the supplement. Dietary supplements, including vitamins and minerals, are not well regulated and may cause a positive drug test result student-athletes have tested positive and lost their eligibility from using dietary supplements.
Creatine (cr) is a popular dietary supplement used by athletes to increase sports performance, muscle mass, and strength creatine was first discovered in 1835, when a french scientist reported finding this constituent of meat (demant & rhodes, 1999. But the dose recommended on the bottle may be much higher than the dose recommended by doctors and for this reason and others, doctors emphasize that only adults should take fitness supplements (although high school athletes often do) a policy statement by the american academy of pediatrics advises children under 18 to avoid them.
To specifically investigate creatine use among young athletes, metzl et al, 2001 surveyed middle and high school athletes aged 10 to 18 years and found that 62% reported using creatine this usage is despite recommendations for athletes under the age of 18 not to consume it or any performance-enhancing substance (american academy of pediatrics. The nfhs smac strongly opposes the use of supplements by high school athletes for performance enhancement, due to the lack of published, reproducible scientific research documenting the benefits of their use and confirming that there are no potential long-term adverse health effects with their use. Creatine is likely the most used supplement in high school athletes, and limited studies have showed it improves an athlete's response to short bouts of increased exertion and improves an athlete's response in repeated efforts of maximal exertion.